State Policy on Education (Approved by State Ikh Khural) – Mongolia

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Summary of Policy:
1. Target population

This is the state policy that delivers educational services to the citizens of Mongolia.

2. Goals/Objectives

For the State to provide a comprehensive education system for all.

3. Challenges, opportunities

The law is too vague, which has negative implications for evaluating the policy. For example, a quote from the law states “Higher and Vocational Education will develop a strategy for education over the next 10 years, in order to successfully develop the competitiveness of the labour market, to create self-reliant jobs … to develop the capacity of national innovation.”

4. Outcomes,impact

Information is lacking regarding policy implementation and outcomes

Timeline: To be in effect from 2014-2024.


It is important to note here that education policy is directed towards creating jobs rather than assisting young people competing for jobs.


Studies have shown that poor quality education exacerbates problems realted to the school-to-work transition. However, over the last 10 years, the adequate alignment of education and labour policies has not taken place.

Opportunities for Improvement:
It is crucial to ensure education policy is closely aligned with the needs of the labour market.


Project Details

Date: November 19, 2017

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