Summary of Policy:
The law classifies “youth” as those aged 15 to 34 and aims to support the development and participation of Mongolian citizens in this age group. Furthermore, it specifies certain target groups to provide extra support to youth, including young people with disabilities and those struggling to find jobs (see the Employment Promotion Law)
2. Goals and Objectives
The State defines the key areas for youth development and the measures to be taken to address them. According to the law self improvement, education, culture, arts, sports, science, health, employment, safe living and the environment are defined as key target areas. Additionally, the objectives to enhance coordination among government agencies and increase youth participation at all stages are also outlined.
3. Challenges and difficulties
The main challenge of this law is that it includes a wide range of target groups, with youth accounting for more than 30 per cent of the total population. This age range includes a diverse set of needs and poses certain challenges in terms of allocating funds, intersectoral coordination and evaluating outcomes.
4. Outcomes and impact
No results or impacts have been recorded as the law is yet to be implemented.
Timeline: This will be in effect from January 1,2018.
A law advocating youth development is a new undertaking for Mongolia. The critical measures that have been designed to ease the school-to-work transition and shorten the time taken to transition into work are as follows:
- Support agencies who liase with and refer youth and students to potential employers
- Support employers, on behalf of the Employment Promotion Fund, who have employed graduates that have had difficulty in obtaining employment
- Support private entities with 100 employeers or more in creating part time jobs for students equivalent to 5 per cent of their workforce
- Enroll unemployed youth in programmes to improve their professional skills, train them in new skills and improve their professional qualifications
In addition, youth development centres will be set up in all districts. This will create opportunities for young people in districts and the capital city and provide services at the primary level. For example, these centres are intended to provide employment information, job placement and promote youth entrepreneurship and start up companies by targeting young people. Activities of these centres will be funded by the state and local budgets.
The issue of education as outlined in Article 9 does not necessarily reflect the labour market demand and how to reform education policies and programmes adequately.
Opportunities for Improvement:
This law has progressed the promotion of inter-sectoral co-operation to support youth development.
However, it is important to clarify how education institutions can support the transition to work and how to tailor interventions to the needs of young people.
Date: November 18, 2017