Job Creation Support Programme – Mongolia

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Summary of Policy:
1. Target population

Target groups have been defined as follows:

Citizens, local community groups, local administrative organizations, business entities, job seekers, universities, vocational education institutes, students, entrepreneurs, micro businesses and cooperatives and citizens looking to grow vegetables as part of cooperatives.

Here the emphasis was placed on students of vocational education and higher education and jobseekers.

2. Goals and Objectives

The goal is to support job creation and to reduce unemployment. Within the framework of this activity, entrepreneurship and micro-business entrepreneurs are to be provided with financial support to create permanent jobs. Employers will be rewarded with incentives for hiring students. This framework will help to provide short term and temporary job opportunities for students, recent graduates of higher education institutes and vocational education schools which will in turn generate income for participants.

3. Challenges and difficulties

This programme, approved by the National Employment Council, was implemented less than a year ago.
It was specified in the law that students and citizens of aimags (districts) will be referred to job opportunities through the “Student Labour Employment Centre” under the City Employment Office, the Institute of Vocational Education and Training and Labour and Welfare Departments.  Due to the economic situation, there may be low demand for recruiting employees and less demand among employers to hire new people. There may be difficulties in implementation if part-time work programmes and potential collaborating agencies demonstrate less interest.

4. Outcomes and impacts

At present, there is no formal information on the implementation of this programme. The programme will measure the number of permanent jobs created, the number of people referred for part-time work, gender considerations, the type of students, the number of students enrolled and engaged in part time jobs and the number of job-seekers registered.

Timeline: This will be in effect from January 27, 2017.

Strengths:
With the provision of loans, entrepreneurship training, sales and job placement support, and support of employers, numbers of permanent jobs will increase and eventually this will help grow the number of companies and entities engaged in farming and entrepreneurship. It focuses not only on financial support but also on other types of support such as provision of trainings, etc.

Weaknesses:

Students and job seekers will be provided or referred to available part-time jobs. Safety is assumed to be the responsibility of the job seeker, but this does not take into account the degree of professional experience of trainees.  Therefore, youth may end up landing in any job even if it is undesirable. Instead, gaining proficiency and experience in the field of their study would be more desirable.

It is also important that intermediary intervention is economically beneficial to students, but it is crucial to provide a stable employment and support for a career-oriented job.

Opportunities for Improvement:

Within the scope of the programme, the City Labour Department and the Labour and Welfare Service Office have developed a registration and intermediary database for hourly job referrals. They also conduct labour safety training and provide instruction, organize Labour Day, run mobile labour exchange points and make referrals to part-time jobs. It was specified in the law to allocate funds to carry out such activities with a well-trained organization running the services. The objective is to make it accessible for students to hold a part time job while also studying.

References:
http://www.ubbirj.ub.gov.mn/news.php?nid=38

Project Details

Date: November 19, 2017


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