Summary of Policy:
1. Target population
The programme was approved by the National Employment Council designated for graduates of vocational education schools and training institutes in 2015.
The goal is to engage graduates of vocational education schools and training institutes in permanent jobs, support them to implement their business initiatives and to provide employment and income-generating opportunities for students to gain work experiences while studying. Within this framework, three main measures are planned as follows:
– To make referrals and mediate between both young people and graduates of vocational education schools, and training institutes in order to to help the former find jobs
– To support graduates of vocational education institutions
– To involve youth and students in community activities
3. Challenges, difficulties
A main challenge to implementation of these programmes is that there are limited job opportunities in rural areas. This then hinders local implementation of the programme, while also diminishing opportunities for vocational education school graduates and graduates of other educational institutions in Ulaanbaatar.
4. Outcomes and impacts
There is currently no data available to measure the effectiveness of the programme.
Timeline: February 12, 2015
It is clearly stated how graduates of vocational education colleges and training institutes are going to be supported to find jobs. In addition, the employers are supported financially for providing practical learning opportunities to young individuals. Expenses incurred as a result of conducting field trainings are reimbursed to employers on the basis of “Standard Financial cost per student at job placement training” which has opened possibilities for young people to gain paid, on-the-job work experience.
The law allocates funding to place young people in part time and temporary jobs. There are plans in place to create a unified database of part-time jobs at employment agencies such as Employment Promotion Centres, to operate an independent website and to operate Mobile Job Placement Events in remote districts in rural areas.
The law provides students who live in remote areas access to information which helps them find employment.
When organizing job placement events, the programme uses an outdated approach, limiting its efficacy.
In addition, the indicators for programme outcomes are based on quantitative indicators, which do not measure satisfaction of young people or their labour productivity.
Opportunities for Improvement:
The indicators for evaluating the programme need to be better established, especially when evaluating programme outcomes and how it has benefited local youth.
Date: November 19, 2017